Jurnal Matematika & Sains, Vol 13, No 3 (2008)

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Synthesis of Wax Esters From Palm Kernel Oil Catalyzed by Lipase

Erin Ryantin Gunawan, Dedy Suhendra

Abstract


The lipase catalyzed reaction of wax esters synthesis using palm kernel oil and long chain alcohol (oleyl alcohol) as
substrates and lipase lipozim as catalist was carried out. The effects of various reaction parameters such as reaction
time, temperature, amount of enzyme, molar ratio of substrates and various organic solvents were investigated. The
optimum reaction condition for wax ester synthesis is a mixture of palm kernel oil and oleyl alcohol with molar ratio of
(3:1), with 1.5% (w/v) lipozyme, at 40 oC for 7-10h, and with hexane as the best solvent. Percentage yields of wax esters
obtained at these optimum reaction conditions was 84.4 ± 2.85 %.

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